Association between the plantar fasciitis and isolated contracture of gastrocnemius in Lahore
Background: Plantar fasciitis, reportedly the most common cause of pain in the inferior heel, is estimated to account for 11 to 15 percent of all foot symptoms requiring professional care among adults. Objective: The objective is to determine the Association between the plantar Fasciitis and Isolated Contracture of Gastrocnemius. Methods: It was the cross-sectional study; convenient sampling technique was used to collect data. Study was completed within four months after the approval of synopsis. Sample size was 168. Participants was selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Self-made questionnaire used for this study. Silfverskiold test was used for isolated contractures of gastrocnemius. Data was analyzed by SPSS. Results: The mean age of the respondents was 39.4 years with SD value of 3.74. in this study, there was 32.1% was male and 67.9% were female respondents which showed that planter fasciitis is more common among female that males. The p value less than 0.05 indicate that there is a positive association between the limitation of range of ankle dorsiflexion and duration or planter fasciitis (acute or chronic). 41.1% of the participants with acute planter fasciitis and 58.9 with chronic planter fasciitis. Conclusion: Limitation in the dorsiflexion of ankle is mostly linked with the planter fasciitis. In current study, it was concluded that more than half of the patients with planter fasciitis had isolate gastrocnemius contracture. The findings of current work can be applied to develop and further refine non-operative and operative treatment strategies for those with recalcitrant plantar fasciitis.
Key Words: Planter fasciitis, Contracture, Flat foot