Prevalence of shisha smoking and factors associated with the initiation of shisha smoking among students of university of the Punjab, Lahore

Authors

  • Iram Yasmin College of statistical & Actuarial Sciences, University of the Punjab, Lahore Author
  • Yasar Nawaz Medical Laboratory Technologist, Ministry of Health Kuwait Author
  • Uzma Rasool College of statistical & Actuarial Sciences, University of the Punjab, Lahore Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.61171/p100cs52

Abstract

Background: Smoking is a significant menace to the public’s health because it directly causes more than seven million deaths worldwide each year. Smoking shisha is a type of tobacco consumption in which smoke is filtered by way of water before being inhaled. It's a common misconception that shisha smoking is healthier than cigarettes because it contains fruits flavour, but this is false belief. Objective: To determine the prevalence of shisha smoking and associated factors to initiate shisha smoking among students of University of the Punjab. Methods: This cross sectional study included 435 university students aged 20-40 years from New Campus, university of the Punjab Lahore. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from students. The data was analyzed through Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 17.0. The frequency distribution and mean± standard deviation were calculated for categorical variables, and continuous variables, respectively. The comparison of categorical variables across groups was done by Chi-square test or Fisher’s exact test. The p-value ≤ 0.05 was considered significant. Results: In this sampled population, majority of the students (92%) had heard about shisha smoking and the overall prevalence of shisha smoking was (23.9%).Statistically significant difference was observed between shisha smoker and non-shisha smoker regarding factors starting shisha smoking including; family member uses shisha,  pleasures seeking and boredom (p- value < 0.05). Whereas no statistical significant difference was found between shisha smoker and non-shisha smoker regarding; factors starting shisha smoking; curiosity, fashion, status symbol, stress, and peer pressure (p- value >0.05). Conclusion: This study concluded that the prevalence of shisha smoking was higher in male than female students. Most of the study participants had ever heard about shisha smoking and a significant number of participants ever smoked shisha in their life. The present study results revealed that having a  shisha smoker family member , pleasure seeking and  reducing  boredom had a significant impact on initiation of shisha smoking among students of University of the Punjab. Society has to make efforts to reduce shisha smoking.

Keyword: Shisha smoking, Prevalence, University Students

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Published

2023-08-19

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Articles

How to Cite

1.
Yasmin I, Nawaz Y, Rasool U. Prevalence of shisha smoking and factors associated with the initiation of shisha smoking among students of university of the Punjab, Lahore. PJBMR [Internet]. 2023 Aug. 19 [cited 2024 Mar. 4];1(2). Available from: https://www.pjbmr.com/index.php/pjbmr/article/view/12

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